Private Security Agencies Registration

What is Private Security Agencies Registration?

Private Security Agencies are agencies that provide security services to any property or to any human, which also includes the training of security guards. These are government-owned organizations that provide armed and unarmed security services and expertise to individuals. They gave protection of personnel or assets. Their activities include enforcing rules and regulations, responding to threats and emergencies, monitoring CCTV cameras, conducting security checks, etc.

The Private Security Agencies Regulation Act, 2005 (PSARA) regulate the operations of private security agencies through controlling authorities appointed by state governments. PSARA is centrally controlled by the Ministry of Home Affairs. However, the power to issue the license is associated with respective state governments.

It is required for all private security agencies to obtain a license under PSARA. An individual, One Person Company (OPC), LLP, or a Private Limited Company can make the application for PSARA license to the competent authority of the concerned state.

According to the rules and regulations of PSARA, all private security agencies must appoint supervisors. A person from the navy, air force, or army with at least 3 years of experience have more preference to be appointed as a supervisor of private security agencies. The act also involves the specification for the qualification and disqualification for a security guard. This also involves the health condition and uniform of the security guards.

By the possession of a license under PSARA, one agency could operate in a single state. For the operation in multiple states, it is essential to make a separate application in each state complying with the respective state procedures.

Types of security services provided by Private Security Agencies

  • Personal security
  • Home security
  • Event security
  • Automobile security
  • Aviation security

Personal security

Personal security means the act of giving protection to individuals for personal reasons. This category involves the bodyguards who protect individuals or groups of people.

Home security

Home security involves an individual’s security practices and security hardware placed on a property. These consist of doors, alarm systems, locks, motion detectors, lighting, security camera systems, heat sensors, etc. Home security involves the practices like ensuring alarms are activated, doors are locked, windows are closed and extra keys are not hidden outside. The security guards will be giving protection to the properties.

Event security

Event security provides security at events, parties, and political crowds. The security guards provide an optimized guest experience without compromising the safety of event participants or the integrity of critical assets. The security guards are placed at the exits, entrances and within the crowd to ensure safety.

Automobile security

This involves the security given to the automobiles. This includes anti-hijack systems, automatic vehicle location, vehicle alarms, smart keys, power door locks, and vehicle tracking systems using GPS or GLONASS technology for locating the vehicle.

Aviation security

Aviation security includes the procedures to protect travelers, employees, aircrafts, and airport belongings from various harms, crimes, terrorism, and other threats. This is essential as large numbers of people pass through airports every day. Aviation security guards are entitled to prevent any threats or dangerous situations arising or entering the country.

What are the forms under PSARA?

Form I: This form is for the verification of character and antecedents of the applicant.

Form II: This is the form for the verification of character and antecedents of the security guard and supervisor.

Form III: This is the format for the character and antecedents certificate.

Form IV: This is the format of the training certificate.

Form V: This is the application form for a new license or renewal of a license to engage in the business of a private security agency.

Form VI: This is the license to engage in the business of a private security agency.

Form VII: This the form for appeal.

Form VIII: This form is required for the register of particulars.

Form IX: This is the photo identity card for a private security guard or supervisor.

Documents required for Private Security Agency License registration

The documents required depends on the respective state governments. The following are the general documents requires for application.

Documents required for fresh or new licenses to operate a Private Security Agency:

  • Form V duly filled.
  • Form I duly filled for all directors or partners or proprietors.
  • Valid identity proof of all directors or partners or proprietors.
  • Valid address proof of all directors or partners or proprietors.
  • An affidavit in the prescribed format.
  • Ownership proof of the premises in the name of the firm or agency or company, etc.

OR

    • Rent agreement with the landlord.
    • NOC from the landlord.
    • Ownership proof of the business premises of the landlord. (This can be GPA or conveyance deed, house tax receipt, etc.)
  • Demand draft of the fee.
  • Memorandum of Understanding with recognized training institute.
  • Logo for the security agency.
  • Detailed armed licenses.
  • Uniform pattern.
  • Provident Fund (PF) registration.
  • Employees State Insurance (ESI) registration.
  • Registration at Service Tax Department.

Documents required for the renewal of licenses to operate Private Security Agency:

  • Form V duly filled.
  • Form I of each director or partner or proprietor or applicant.
  • Valid identity proof of each director or partner or proprietor or applicant.
  • Valid address proof of each director or partner or proprietor or applicant.
  • Ownership proof of the premises in the name of the firm or agency or company, etc.

OR

    • Rent agreement with the landlord.
    • NOC from the landlord.
    • Ownership proof of the business premises of the landlord. (This can be GPA or conveyance deed, house tax receipt, etc.)
  • Demand draft in favor of the controlling authority.
  • Photographs of each director or partner or proprietor or applicant.
  • List of all the guards on the role of the firm along with a copy of their training certificates from the institutes recognized by the controlling authority.
  • Form VIII. (Details of security guards or supervisors since issuing or renewal of PSARA license)
  • Memorandum of Understanding with the training institutes recognized by the controlling authority.
  • In case of submission of renewal application after the expiry of the license, the reason for the delayed submission of the renewal application.
  • Memorandum of Association of the company or firm etc. containing the business in the objective clause. (Applicable only in case of private limited firms or companies)
  • Proof of directorship, if the names of directors are not mentioned in the Memorandum of Association of the firm or company. (Applicable only in case of private limited firms or companies)

Procedure for applying for Private Security Agency License

  • Arrange the qualifying documents.
  • Enter a Memorandum of Understanding with a recognized training institute.
  • Apply for police verification in Form I.
  • Apply to the controlling authority of PSARA.
  • After the receipt of NOC from the concerned police authorities, the license is granted by the controlling authority or the application may be rejected with a reason.

What if you violate the law?

  • A person who violates the provisions of section 4 will be liable to a punishment of imprisonment for a term which may extend to one year or with a fine which may extend to Rs.25000 or both.
  • A person or private security agency who violates the provisions of sections 9, 10, and 12 of PSARA will be liable to a punishment with a fine which may extend to Rs.25000 along with a suspension or cancellation of the license.
  • If a private security guard or supervisor wears the uniforms of the Navy, Air force or army or any other armed forces of the union or state or any dress having similarities to them, then the person and the proprietor of the firm is liable to a punishment of imprisonment for a term which may extend to one year or with a fine which may be extend to Rs.5000 or with both.
  • If a law under the act is violated by a company, then every person who at the time the offense was committed will be deemed to be guilty of the offense.

Conclusion

For running a Private Security Agency in India, one must possess a license from PSARA. It is required for them to strictly follow the laws and regulations of the PSARA act. Failing to comply with these may lead to punishable offenses under the act.

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